A shingled roof with a green background, perfect for residential roofing.

In recent years, asphalt shingles have become the number one solution for homeowners, and it’s no wonder why. Since your roof defends your home from all kinds of weather conditions, choosing a material that will ensure the longevity of your roof is vital. The fact that around 75% of households in the USA choose asphalt shingles as their roofing material shows how effective they are.

Asphalt shingles, also known as composition shingles, consist of a base mat on the bottom that is coated with a waterproof asphalt layer. In addition, they are covered with mineral granules that give the material various colors you can choose between. Of course, there are many other options you can choose from, but in this blog, we’ll mainly discuss asphalt shingles.

Keep reading this blog to learn everything you need to know about asphalt shingles and other materials before you decide which one to choose!

What Are Roofing Shingles Made Of?

Slate, wood, and metal are a few of the many materials used to make roofing shingles, but as mentioned, without a doubt, asphalt shingles are the most commonly used material. Understanding the composition of different shingles and their effect on the roof’s condition can help you choose the best materials to ensure your roof’s longevity.

What Are Asphalt Shingles?

As a somewhat affordable alternative, asphalt shingles are easy to install, and their lifespan is expected to last between 15 to 25 years. They are cut from heavy sheets of asphalt-impregnated felt, and most of the felt is made up of glass fibers to reinforce it. Furthermore, the sheets are faced with mineral granules that act as a wearing layer which allows them to be resistant. There are many options available on the market regarding asphalt shingles, so you can consider many designs and colors when choosing a suitable material. Also, we have to mention that they are very flexible, meaning they bend easily across a valley or a ridge, which allows them to eliminate the need for flashings at these points.


  • Affordable,
  • Ease of installation,
  • Many options regarding design.


  • Weather susceptibility,
  • Relatively short lifespan,
  • Mildew can cause problems.

Different Types of Asphalt Shingles

There are different varieties of asphalt shingles that are available, and with that being said, each of them performs differently. Thus, different shingles are designed to serve a particular function, so let’s break them down.

  1. Three-Tab Shingles – The most basic kind of shingles is called a three-tab shingle roof because of the way they are cut and installed. They are manufactured from a single layer of asphalt sliced into strips. Since they are the lightest shingles, they are more affordable than other types.
  2. Architectural Shingles – The most common type of asphalt shingle roof is called laminate or dimensional shingles. The manufacturing procedure involves adding an extra layer or two to the base mats in order to create a multi-dimensional appearance. Because of that, they are long-lasting due to the additional layers that need to be added.
  3. Luxury Shingles – In order to mimic the look of natural slate or wood shingles, these are the highest-quality asphalt shingles available. In addition to being thicker and heavier than other types of asphalt shingles, they are also made from high-quality materials.

If you have any remaining questions or worries about materials that best suit your house, we suggest you contact your roofing contractor!

What Is a Tar Roof?

Tar roofs, also known as build-up roofs (BURs), are a common type of flat roof constructed by layering alternating layers of bitumen and reinforcing fabrics like fiberglass or felt. In most cases, the bitumen is melted and then applied to the roof using a mop or sprayer. After the bitumen is applied, the reinforcing textiles are layered until the necessary thickness has been reached. The finished roof is sturdy, watertight, and resistant to a wide variety of climates. However, tar roofs are susceptible to leaks and cracks if they aren’t maintained regularly. In addition, because of their tendency to absorb and store heat, they aren’t always the most energy-efficient roofing option.


  • Durable,
  • Water-resistant,
  • Cost-effective.


  • Less energy efficient,
  • Not environmentally friendly,
  • Regular maintenance.

What Is Composition Roll Roofing?

It’s natural to be curious about various roofing options, and composition roll roofing may be one option if you’re considering replacing the existing roof. Flat roofing options like composition roll roofing are thinner than asphalt shingles and are excellent for low-pitch roofs. However, one significant downside because of which you may not choose this material is its relatively short lifespan. Asphalt and felt are the two main components of a composition roll roof, where the top layer of asphalt is embedded with granular material. It comes in 18-inch and 36-inch rolls and can be easily installed on low-scoped roofs in a single step.

How to Choose a Suitable Material?

Considerations including climate, durability, cost, and environmental impact should all go into making a final decision on a roofing material for your home. It is always a good idea to ask a roofing expert for their opinion on the best material for your situation and budget.

It is also important to mention that you want your roof to last, so choosing a suitable roof material is crucial to ensure it can withstand any weather conditions or issues that might arise.

A Trusted Roofing Company That Will Help You With Roofing Needs in Byron, IL

Now that we’ve mentioned all the important details, you have more knowledge about materials available on the market, and therefore, you can start analyzing to find out which solution is for you.

Also, keep in mind that each material has advantages and disadvantages, and make sure you choose the right option that will be compatible with the climate you live in and your needs.

If you need help choosing the right material for your home, you can count on PRO Restoration LLC, which provides professional roofing services in Byron, IL!